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Benson, A. 2007. Scotch Broom Remediation Effects on Soil Nitrogen Levels. Research project, The Evergreen State College.

Chaney, M. 2006. Enhancing Priority Prairie Habitat on a Western Washington Grassland Reserve Program Easement with a Grazing System. USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Dunn, P. 1998. Prairie Habitat Restoration and Maintenance on Fort Lewis and within the South Puget Sound Prairie Landscape. The Nature Conservancy.

Dunn, P. and K. Ewing. 1997. Ecology and Conservation of the South Puget Sound Prairie Landscape.The Nature Conservancy.

Easterly, R. and D. Salstrom. 2008. Black River Vegetation: Changes Through Time of a Unique Western Washington River.  Salstrom & Easterly Eco-logic (SEE) Botanical Consulting.

Easterly, R. and D. Salstrom. 2005. Wet Prairie Swales of South Puget Sound. Saltrom & Easterly Eco-logic (SEE) Botanical Consulting together with Chris Chappell of Washington Department of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program.

Johnson, D. et al.  2006. Mima Mounds as Upper Soil Biomantles: What happens when the dominant bioturbators leave and invertebrates take over?  Presented at the 18th World Congress of Soil Science in Philadelphia. University of Illinois and Illinois Geological Survey. 

Langenfeld, C. 2009. The Value of Ecological Restoration Volunteer Programs: A Case Study in Western Washington State. Thesis for Masters in Environmental Studies, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA.

Smith, S. 2007. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi of Abandoned Agricultural Land and their Implications for the Restoration of Puget Sound Prairies.  Master's thesis, University of Washington, College of Forest Resources.



Campbell, B. 2004. Restoring Rare Native Habitats in the Willamette Valley. A Landowner’s Guide to Restoring Oak Woodlands, Wetlands, Prairies and Bottomland Hardwood and Riparian Forests. Defenders of Wildlife.

Caplow, F. and C. Chappell. 2005. South Puget Sound Site Evaluations for Reintroduction of Golden Paintbrush.  Washington Department of Natural Resources, Natural Heritage Program.

Dunn, P. 2000. Impact of Declining Oak Woodlands on Missions: Oak Woodland Restoration on McChord Air Force Base. The Nature Conservancy.


Dunwiddie, P. 2009. Evaluating Suitability of Prairies for Golden Paintbrush (Castilleja levisecta) Recovery by Experimental Outplanting in North Puget Sound. Final Report, 3/30/09. The Nature Conservancy.

Dunwiddie, P. 2009. Evaluating Suitability of Prairies for Golden Paintbrush (Castilleja levisecta) Recovery by Experimental Outplanting in South Puget Sound. Final Report, 3/15/09. The Nature Conservancy.

Dunwiddie, P., Alverson, E., Stanley, A., Gilbert, R., Pearson, S., Hays, D., Arnett, J., Delvin, E., Grosboll, D., Marschner, C. 2006. The Vascular Plant Flora of the South Puget Sound Prairies, Washington, USA. Davidsonia:14(2): 51:69.

Dunwiddie, P. and E. Delvin. 2006. Inadvertant Selection in the Propagation of Native Plants - a cautionary note. The Nature Conservancy of Washington in Native Plants, Summer, 2006.

Lawrence, B. and T. Kaye. 2008. Direct and Indirect Effects of Host Plants: Implications for Reintroduction of an Endangered Hemiparasitic Plant (Castilleja levisecta). Madrona: 55(2): 151-158.

Fitzpatrick, G. 2004. Techniques for Restoring Native Plant Communities in Upland and Wetland Prairies in the Midwest and West Coast Regions of North America . City of Eugene – Parks and Open Space Division.

Vesely, D. and G. Tucker. 2004. A Landowner’s Guide for Restoring and Managing Oregon White Oak Habitats. US Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Land Management.

The Nature Conservancy, South Sound Program, 2008. Native Plant Profiles.


Clark, D. et al. 2004. Control of Brachypodium sylvaticum and Restoration of Rare Native Upland Prairie Habitat of Butterfly Meadows, Benton County. Oregon State Weed Board, Oregon State Department of Agriculture, Salem, OR.

Dunn, P . 2002. Integrated Control of Scotch Broom: Techniques and Strategies. The Nature Conservancy.

Delvin, E., D. Grosboll, and R. Kessler. 2005. Wipe-On Herbicide Trial: Scotch Broom Control in a Grassland, The Nature Conservancy of Washington and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA.


Devine, Warren D.; C. Harrington and D. Southworth. 2009. Improving root growth and morphology of containerized Oregon white oak seedlings. Treeplanters Notes: 53(2): 29-34.

Devine, Warren D. and C. Harrington 2010. Planting native oak in the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-804. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 25 p.

Gould, Peter J. and C. Harrington. 2009. Root morphology and growth of bare-root seedlings of Oregon white oak.  Treeplanters Notes: 53(2): 22-28.


Linda Storm. 2004. Prairie Fires and Earth Mounds: The Ethnoecology of Upper Chehalis Prairies. Douglasia 28(3):6-9. Published by the Washington Native Plant Society.


Stinson, D. W. 2005. Draft Washington State Status Report for the Mazama Pocket Gopher, Streaked Horned Lark, and Taylor’s Checkerspot. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia.138+ xii pp.


Vesely, D.G. and D.K. Rosenberg. 2010. Wildlife conservation in the Willamette Valley's remnant prairie and oak habitats.

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2005.  Washington’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Final Draft.


Altman, B. 1997.  Distribution, abundance, and habitat associations of declining and

state sensitive bird species breeding in the Willamette Valley Grasslands. Prepared by Avifauna Northwest for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.


Altman, B.  1999.  Status and conservation of state sensitive grassland bird species in the Willamette Valley. Prepared by Avifauna Northwest for Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.


Altman, B. 2000. Conservation strategy for landbirds in lowlands and valleys of western Oregon and Washington. Prepared for Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight.

Altman, B. 2003.  Horned lark.  Pp. 425-428 in D.B. Marshall, M.G. Hunter and A.L.

Contreras (eds.).  Birds of Oregon: a General Reference.  Oregon State University

Press, Corvallis, Oregon. 768 pp.


Anderson, H.E. 2005. Streaked horned lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) nest predation on lowland Puget  prairie remnants, Washington State – the effects of internal edges and Scot’s broom (Cytisus scoparious). Masters thesis. The Evergreen State College. Olympia, WA.


Beauchesne, S. & J. Cooper. 2003. COSEWIC status report on the Horned Lark Strigata Subspecies Eremophila alpestris strigataStatus report prepared for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.  COSEWIC Secretariat c/o Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.


Bowles, J.H.  1898. Notes on the Streaked Horned Lark. Osprey 3:53-54.


Drovetski, S.V., S.F. Pearson, and S. Rohwer. 2005. Streaked horned lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) has distinct mitochondrial DNA.  Conservation Genetics 6: 875-883.


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Plant and Animal Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened, Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions, and Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule. October 30, 2001. Retrieved from the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov], Volume 66, Number 210, Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 50 CFR, Part 17, p. 54808.


Environment Canada. 2007.  Recovery strategy for the Horned Lark strigata subspecies (Eremophila alpestris strigata) with consideration for the Vesper Sparrow affinis subspecies (Pooecetes gramineus affinis) in Canada [Proposed]. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series.  Environment Canada, Ottawa. Vii + 30pp.

Kennedy, P.L., DeBano, S.J., Bartuszevige, A.M., and A.S. Lueders. 2009. Effects of native and non-native grassland plant communities on breeding passerine birds: implications for restoration of northwest bunchgrass prairie. Restoration Ecology, pp. 1-11.

Moore, R. 2007. Notes for the separation of eremophila alpestris strigata from e.a. merrilli.

Moore, R. 2007. Winter Diet of Streaked Horned Larks in Oregon.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2006. Oregon Conservation Strategy. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Salem, OR.


Pearson, S.F.  2003.  Breeding Phenology, nesting success, habitat selection, and census methods for the streaked horned lark in the Puget lowlands of Washington.  Natural Areas Program Report 2003-2.  Washington Department of Natural Resources.  Olympia, WA. 


Pearson, S.F., and B. Altman.  2005.  Range-wide Streaked Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) assessment and preliminary conservation strategy.  Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA.


Pearson, S.F., A.F. Camfield, and K. Martin. 2008. Streaked Horned Lark(Eremophila alpestris strigata) Fecundity, Survival, Population Growth and Site Fidelity. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA.


Pearson, S.F., and M. Hopey.  2004.  Streaked Horned Lark inventory, nesting success and habitat selection in the Puget lowlands of Washington.  Natural Areas Program Report 2004-1.  Washington Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA.


Pearson, S.F., and M. Hopey.  2005.  Streaked Horned Lark nest success, habitat selection, and habitat enhancement experiments for the Puget lowlands, coastal Washington and Columbia River Islands.  Natural Areas Program Report 2005-1.  Washington Dept. of Natural Resources.  Olympia, WA.


Pearson, S.F., H. Anderson, and M. Hopey. 2005a. Streaked horned lark monitoring, habitat manipulations and conspecific attraction experiment. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia.


Pearson, S.F., M. Hopey, W. D. Robinson, R. Moore.  2005b. Range, abundance and movement patterns of wintering Streaked Horned Larks in Oregon and Washington. Natural Areas Program Report.  Washington Dept. of Natural Resources.  Olympia, WA.


Robinson, W.D. & R.P. Moore. 2004. Range, abundance, and habitat associations of

streaked horned lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) during winter.  Department of Fisheries and Wildlife and Oak Creek Lab of Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 5 pp.


Rogers, R.E. 2000. The status and microhabitat selection of streaked horned lark, western bluebird,Oregon vesper sparrow, and western meadowlark in western Washington.  Masters Thesis, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA.



Rogers, Kara. 2010. Science Up Front: Jessica Blios on small mammal diversity and climate change. Encyclopedia Britannica Blog.

Fimbel, C. and S. Freed. 2008. Monitoring Western Gray Squirrels for Landscape Management in Western Washington. Northwest Science, Vol 82., No. 4: 299-308.

Fimbel, C. 2004. Strategies for Enhancing Western Gray Squirrels on Fort Lewis. The Nature Conservanc.y

Freed, S., C. Fimbel, and T. Zuchowski. 2005. The Role of Science in Western Grey Squirrel Enhancement in Oak Woodlands of South Puget Sound. The Nature Conservancy of Washington and Fort Lewis Public Works Environmental and Natural Resources Division.

Knudsen, C. 2003. The Thomomys mazama Pocket Gopher in Washington Prairies: A Contemporary View for Management. Thesis for Masters in Environmental Studies, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA.



Beyer, L. and S. H. Black. 2007. Site Utilization by Adults and Larvae of Mardon Skipper Butterfly (Polites mardon) at four sites in Washington and Oregon. Final report to the Forest Service and BLM from the Xerces Society. 

Fimbel, C. November 2008. Johnson Prairie Butterfly Mapping.

Fimbel, C. Spring 2008. Conservation detection dog training to locate checkerspot larvae.

Fimbel, C. 2004. Habitat Enhancement for Rare Butterflies on Fort Lewis Prairies. The Nature Conservancy.

Fimbel, C and M. Linders. September 2008. Taylor's checkerspot diapause phase habitat pilot investigation.

Linders, M. 2007. Development of Captive Rearing and Translocation Methods for Taylor's Checkerspot in South Puget Sound, Washington: 2006-07. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Miller, J.C. and P.C. Hammond. 2007. Butterflies and Moths of Pacific Northwest Forests and Woodlands: Rare, Endangered, and Management-Sensitive Species.  Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.

Morgenweck, M. 2003. Butterfly Populations on Fort Lewis: A historic perspective.

Morgenweck, M. and Dunn, P. 2003. Fort Lewis Butterfly Survey.

Nelson, R.E. 1997. Implications of Subfossil Coleoptera for the Evolution of the Mima Mounds of Southwestern Puget Lowland, Washington


Page, N., Lilley, P., Heron, J., and N. Kroeker. 2009.  Distribution and Habitat Characteristics of Taylor's Checkerspot on Denman Island and Adjacent Areas of Vancouver Island (2008). DRAFT. Raincoast Applied Ecology.

Severns, P.M. and A.D. Warren. 2008. Selectively eliminating and conserving exotic plants to save an endangered butterfly from local extinction.  Animal Conservation, 1-8.

Severns, P. M. 2008. Interactions between two endangered butterflies and invasive, exotic grasses in western Oregon, USA. Endangered Species UPDATE: 25(2): 35-40.



Garry Oak Ecosystem Recovery Team 2010 Research Colloquium Proceedings.

NORTHWEST SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATION and CASCADIA PRAIRIE-OAK PARTNERSHIP joint meeting "From Mount St. Helens to Oak-Prairie Lowlands: Disturbance, Ecological Legacies and Conservation". Program and Abstracts. Centralia College 24-27 March 2010. 

Streaked Horned Lark Workshop Proceedings. November 2007. The Nature Conservancy.

Taylor's Checkerspot Workshop Proceedings. January 2008. The Nature Conservancy.



Oregon Conservation Strategy. 2006.

Recovery Plan for Prairie Species of Western Oregon and Southwestern Oregon. 2010.

Washington Biodiversity Council. December 2007. Washington Biodiversity Conservation Strategy: Sustaining Our Natural Heritage.


Washington's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. 2005.



Fort Lewis and McChord Reports

South Sound Program Quarterly Updates (Nature Conservancy)

Rare Species Project Reports





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